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Cerebellar Ataxia

Introduction

Cerebellar Ataxia is a motor disturbance which can occur as a result of many diseases and constitutes of an inability to coordinate balance, gait, extremity and eye movements. It may occur in children, especially those younger than age 3 several weeks after viral infections including chickenpox, Coxsackie disease and echovirus.

Causes
Cerebellar Ataxia is a disorder of the neurological system where hind brain is affected. It can be genetic or hereditary like spinocerebellar ataxia but may be of degenerative or without any specicific region as sporadic Ccerebellar ataxia. It can be a presenting disorder or a part of;

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Strokes of the cerebellum
  • Bleeding into the cerebellum
  • Alcohol, medications, and insecticides
  • Infection or abscess of the cerebellum

Symptoms

Patients with Cerebellar Ataxia may have symptoms that involve multiple aspects of life and may vary significantly from person to person. It may affect movement of the arms and legs (limbs) or the middle part of the body from the neck to the hip area (the trunk). Common symptoms of ataxia include:

  • Imbalance or instability in the gait in the form of frequent falls and unsteady gait.
  • Poor coordination in the hand movements in the form of Swaying back and forth of the hand resulting in difficulty with handwriting, cutting food, opening jars, buttoning clothes, sewing, typing, playing an instrument or a sport.
  • Slurred, slow, indistinct speech with abnormality in rhythm.
  • Difficulty in swallowing or choking (especially with liquids) specially in advanced cases.

 

Medical Test

The first set of diagnostic procedures include speaking to a doctor who conducts a basic physical examination and checks if the patient has been recently sick. If any symptoms are found, a complete brain and nervous system examination is be done to identify the areas of the nervous system that are most affected and the following tests may be done:

  • CT scan of the head
  • MRI scan of the head
  • Spinal tap

Traditional Treatment

  • Pharmacological treatment has been beneficial in a small number of patients with specific ataxias. Examples of treatable ataxias include those due to deficiencies of vitamin E, in which episodes of cerebellar dysfunction are reduced by acetazolamide treatment.
  • It also slows down the progression of most ataxias but its benefit is limited and has been reported only in small trials.
  • If the acute Cerebellar Ataxia is due to bleeding, surgery may be needed.
  • For a stroke, medication to thin the blood can be given.
  • Steroids may be needed for swelling (inflammation) of the cerebellum .
  • Cerebellar ataxia caused by a recent viral infection may not need treatment.

Stem Cell Treatment

  • A lot of the research is looking at ways to prevent or reduce the effects of Cerebellar Ataxia, thus controling its further progression.
  • The stem cells are the potential therapeutic agents for Cerebellar Ataxia and other ataxic conditions because these cells work on the principles of immunomodulation and tissue regeneration.
  • REJUVAA offers stem cells therapy for Ataxia, which is the most promising treatment solution for those seeking the ability to repair/reverse this kind of permanent brain damage. Stem cells are unique since they can reproduce themselves and divide indefinitely. Adult stem cells are able to also create specialized cells.
  • We advise an early treatment to prevent rapid deterioration of brain stem. To know more how we can help, contact us today!

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